Tag: robotic

Introduction to Robotics and Robots

Introduction to Robotics and Robots

Robotics is a branch of technology which deals with the study of how robots are made and function. The word Robotics was invented by a science fiction writer named Isaac Asimov in the year 1942 in his book “‘Runabout.” He viewed robots as machines that could help man in performing various daily tasks.

Robots are human-like machines that are made to perform duties of human and they function automatically. They are multifunctional and reprogrammable equipment’s which can perform a series of activities spontaneously. Robots can be instructed by internal or external control gadgets.

History of Robotics and Robots

The first robots were made by George C. Devol, in the early 1950s when invented a reprogrammable device called “Unimate” from “universal automation.” He tried to sell his machines but failed. Later in the 1960s. Engineer Joseph Engleberger obtained Devol’s robot permit and he redesigned it into a commercial robot and formed a corporation called Unimation to produce and market the robots. Due to his efforts and success, Englebereger today is known as the “the father of Robotics” in the industry.

In 1958 at the Stanford Research institute, Charles Rosen led researchers in creating an advanced robot. The robot could rotate around the room move across unknown surroundings, observed activities, and respond to his surroundings. The robot was called Shakey due to its wobbly and clattering movements. Shakey was more intelligent as it performed more tasks spontaneously unlike the early unimate was designed for specialized manufactural applications.

Robotics has three laws that act as fundamental frameworks intended to underpin robots’ behavior and they are stated below;

  1. A robot should not harm a human being or allow a human being to be injured.
  2. A robot is compelled to fulfill any order/instructions given to it by human beings unless if the command contradicts with the first law of robotics
  3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does contradict first    and second law.

MANUFUCTURING AUTOMATION

Automation in manufacturing industry is the use of control systems like computers or robots for handling different machineries and processes to replace human being in an industry. Through automation, industrial machinery is integrated to automatically perform duties like material handling, dispensing, welding and packing of products.

BENEFITS OF MANUFACTURING AUTOMATION

  • It has led to Improved Reliability and production of quality goods/services.

Since manufacturing automation is a repeatable and a very precise process, products being manufactured in the industries have same specifications and manufacturing processes hence few repairs are involved.

  • Enhances Reduced production cost

Automation leads to improved productivity, higher sales and better quality due to its high efficiencies. Some companies find themselves on lower level than their competitors since they don’t implement automation in their production.

  • Ensures better floor space utilization

By automating parts of your production line, you decrease footprint of work area thus more space is available for other operations.

  • Less waste production

Cost on waste are decreased due to the robots’ accuracy in reducing the usage of raw materials.

  • Manual tasks reduction
Read More..
How to Manage The Impacts of Robotic Automation on Employees

How to Manage The Impacts of Robotic Automation on Employees

For most business owners, robotic automation is one promising field that can help them improve their business. However, with the debate on whether robots will take away jobs still trending issues, your plans may be received by hostile employees.

Most employees view robots as their competitors or enemies, and thus, they’ll do everything in their power to sabotage that plan.

However, automation has become a necessity in the business world today. You, therefore, need to find a way of preparing your employees for the change.

Although it may be a difficult task, with time, your employees may come to appreciate the benefits that automation will bring to the business.

In this article, I will share with you four ways on how to manage the impact that automation will have on your employees.

1. Ensure They Understand Your Reasons

Before taking the step of automating your processes, you need to explain clearly the reasons why you have opted for the robots.

Explaining means that you’ll have to expound on the different departments that will be affected, how they will be affected, and how the new tasks that the employees will have to undertake.

Show them the benefits of the task to them and also to the company. By doing this, the employees will be better prepared to handle these changes in your company.

Since the biggest reason for opposing automation is the fear of losing their jobs, assuring them of their job security will help in avoiding unnecessary conflicts.

2. Conduct Training

Incorporating robots in your business processes will result in a significant change in how the tasks in your industry will run. You will thus have to conduct trainings for each department to ensure that each employee knows how to operate the robots.

When each employee knows how to operate new technology, you can be assured that the automation will have a positive impact on the employees.

Proper training will also expose gaps in that will be created by automation and hence offer more job opportunities for your employees.

Automation will, therefore, be an opportunity for them to learn new skills and knowledge on how to handle the jobs created.

3. Showcase The Benefits of Automation

Robotic automation has many benefits to the business. Although you may be enlightened on these benefits, your employees may not.

Therefore, show them how automation will benefit them. One way you can share is the fact that it’s possible for a robot collaboration. Who wouldn’t love a robot for an assistant?

By acquiring collaborative robots such as an industrial robot arm, the workers can work together comfortably. Explain how this collaboration will improve their accuracy and efficiency.

You are probably applying the robots to complete the tedious, repetitive tasks in the business. Explain to them that this will relieve them of repetitive tasks and allow them to work on more critical tasks. 

If some of your employees work in areas with sharp machines and objects or areas that are health hazards, show them … Read More..